Poverty headcount ratio at $5.50 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
Equivalent to 21,600 Argentine pesos per worker per month.
WageIndicator Foundation, 2021
Equivalent to 38,741 Argentine pesos per worker per month.
Global Living Wage Coaliton, 2020
Equivalent to 50,023 Argentine pesos for a typical family in rural Argentina per month.
Global Living Wage Coalition, 2020
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
Argentina has a population of roughly 45 million people. The country is highly urbanized with 92% of its population living in cities and only 8% residing in rural areas. The agricultural sector in Argentina represents 6% of the national GDP, but only employs 0.1% of the workforce.
Argentina is one of the most important countries in terms of food exports worldwide. The agricultural sector is dominated by large scale farms, specifically in the region of Pampas. This region has undergone an important agricultural transformation through mechanization and increased production and has favored the cultivation of grains and soybeans. Outside the Pampas, however, rural poverty is on the rise as the rural population has limited access to land and resources. Smallholder farmers struggle with low productivity and are excluded from larger markets and value chains. In addition, smallholder farmers are increasingly vulnerable to extreme weather events due to climate change.
The top produced commodities in Argentina are maize, soybeans, wheat, sugar cane, milk and barley. Similarly, Argentina’s top export commodities in terms of quantity are soybeans, maize, wheat and barley.
The national minimum wage in Argentina is set by law at 21,600 Argentine pesos (211 EUR) per month including retirement benefits. The law also establishes different wage levels for domestic workers. Even so, the minimum wage in Argentina remains below the poverty income level for a typical family. Furthermore, the enforcement of labor law is not equal for all sectors, with the informal sectors being hit the hardest despite the fact it employs around to 35% of the national workforce. In many cases, workers could not refuse to compromise their safety without putting their jobs at risk, and the authorities are insufficient to protect them.
The Global Living Wage Coalition has developed 2 Reference Value studies for Argentina based on the Anker methodology. A Living Wage Reference Value for non-metropolitan urban Argentina and a Living Income Reference Value for rural Argentina.
The Anker Living Wage Reference Value for non-metropolitan urban Argentina is 38,741 Argentine pesos (378 EUR) per month. This is the wage workers in non-metropolitan urban areas of Argentina would need to afford a basic but decent standard of living. The living wage estimate for non-metropolitan urban Argentina is 1.8 times the national minimum wage and 2.5 times more than the average agricultural wage in Argentina. When compared to the national poverty line wage, the estimate is 28% higher.