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Burkina Faso

World bank, 2014
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
44%
Population below international poverty line

Equivalent to 34,664 West African CFA Franc per worker per month.
MinimumWage Foundation, 2021

53
per month
National minimum wage

Equivalent to 86,367 West African CFA Franc for a typical rural family in Burkina Faso per month.
Global Living Wage Coalition, 2020

132
per month
Rural living income
World bank, 2019
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate)
26%
Agricultural workforce
World bank, 2019
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
20%
Agriculture share of GDP

ITUC Global Rights Index, 2020
Regular violations of rights

3
medium
Risk to workers' rights

Context

Burkina Faso has a population of 20.3[1] million people, with 30%[2] of the population residing in urban areas and 70%[3] living in rural regions. One quarter[4] of the working population of Burkina Faso is formally employed in agriculture and it is estimated that nearly 90% of Burkina Faso’s working population is employed in the agricultural sector to some degree.[5] The agricultural sector accounts for 20% of the nation’s GDP. [6]

Agriculture in Burkina Faso is largely subsistence based and consists of a small variety of crops and livestock.The agricultural sector is characterized by low productivity rates that have been exacerbated by climate change due to increased drought and desertification.[7] National improvements in agriculture have reduced the likelihood of famine, however, roughly 20% of the population of Burkina Faso are food insecure,[8] with nearly 44% of the population living below the international poverty line of $1.9 per day. [9]

The top produced commodities in Burkina Faso are sorghum, maize, millet, cotton seed and dry cow peas.[10] Similarly, Burkina Faso’s top export commodities in terms of quantity are cotton lint, sheanuts, cashew nuts, sesame seeds and cottonseed cake.[11]

Footnotes
  1. ^ World Bank. (2019). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=BF
  2. ^ World Bank. (2019). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.TOTL.IN.ZS?locations=BF
  3. ^ World Bank. (2019). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL.ZS?locations=BF
  4. ^ World Bank. (2019). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.AGR.EMPL.ZS?locations=BF
  5. ^ FAO. (2014). http://www.fao.org/3/i3760e/i3760e.pdf
  6. ^ World Bank. (2019). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.AGR.TOTL.ZS?locations=BF
  7. ^ World Bank (2017). https://www.worldbank.org/en/results/2017/06/29/burkina-faso-agriculture-as-a-powerful-instrument-for-poverty-reduction#:~:text=Burkina%20Faso's%20agriculture%2Dbased%20economy,agro%2Dpastoral%20value%2Dchains.
  8. ^ USAID (2020). https://www.usaid.gov/burkina-faso/agriculture-and-food-security
  9. ^ World Bank (2014). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.DDAY?locations=BF
  10. ^ FAOSTAT (2019). http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#rankings/commodities_by_country
  11. ^ FAOSTAT (2019). http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#rankings/commodities_by_country_exports

Wages

Minimum wage

The national minimum wage in Burkina Faso is 34,664 West African CFA franc (53 EUR)  per month.[1] This government mandated minimum wage is less than the poverty income level and does not apply to informal employment or subsistence agriculture. Additionally, it is common for employers to pay their employees less than minimum wage. Many workers supplement their income through subsistence agriculture, the informal sector, or extended family.[2]

Living Income

The Global Living Wage Coalition has developed a Living Income Reference Value study for rural Burkina Faso based on the Anker methodology.

The living income reference value for rural Burkina Faso is 86,367 West African CFA franc (132 EUR) per month for a typical rural family. This living income reference value is roughly twice the income of a typical rural family earning a minimum wage. Nonetheless, it is expected that living income gaps vary largely across Burkina Faso. In rural Burkina Faso, poverty levels are three times higher than in urban areas. Rural farming households, which depend mainly on agriculture, have the highest poverty rate in the country.[3]

Footnotes
  1. ^ ILO. (2018). https://www.ilo.org/shinyapps/bulkexplorer48/?lang=en&segment=indicator&id=EAR_INEE_NOC_NB_A
  2. ^ U.S. Department of State. (2019). https://www.state.gov/reports/2019-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/burkina-faso/
  3. ^ Global Living Wage Coalition. (2020). Anker Living Income Reference Value: Rural Burkina Faso 2020. https://www.globallivingwage.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Living-Income-Reference-Value-Burkina-Faso-FINAL-2.pdf

What's happening

resource

Living Income Reference Value, rural Burkina Faso

Living income reference value estimate for rural Burkina Faso, based on a typical rural family. Global Living Wage Coalition, 2020.

resource

Living wage for mango farmers in Burkina Faso

Company-driven living wage gap assessment for an organic mango exporter in Burkina Faso. Eosta, Nature & More, 2020.

resource

The shea nut industry & women’s empowerment

Report on the economic and social resilience of women in the shea nut industry. FAO, 2017.

resource

Economic importance of cotton in Burkina Faso

Report on the role cotton production has played in economic development and poverty reduction in Burkina Faso. FAO, 2017.

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