Poverty headcount ratio at $5.50 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
Equivalent to 326,500 Chilean pesos per month for workers between 18 and 65 years.
WageIndicator Foundation, 2021
Equivalent to 623,057 Chilean pesos per worker per month.
Global Living Wage Coalition, 2020
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate)
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
Chile has a population of roughly 19 million people. The country is highly urbanized, with 88% of its population living in urban areas. The agricultural sector employs 9% of the workforce, and accounts for 4% of the country’s GDP.
The top produced commodities in Chile are grapes, apples, wheat, sugar beet and milk. Similarly, Chile’s top export commodities in terms of quantity are wine, apples, grapes, prepared fruit and cherries.
The minimum wage in Chile is set by law at 326,500 Chilean pesos (374 EUR) per month for workers between 18 and 65 years. Below the age of 18 and above 65 years old, the minimum wage is set at 243,561 Chilean pesos (279 EUR) per month. Although labour laws are properly enforced in the formal sector, the government has an insufficient number of labour inspectors to ensure enforcement throughout the whole country. In the informal economy, workers are not guaranteed adequate wages. Most minimum wage violations occur in the retail and the real estate sector. Furthermore, the most vulnerable social group to labour exploitation are immigrant workers in the agricultural sector.
The Global Living Wage Coalition, has developed a Living Wage Reference Value study for non-metropolitan urban Chile based on the Anker methodology.
The Anker Living Wage Reference Value for non-metropolitan urban Chile is estimated at 623,057 Chilean pesos (714 EUR) per month. This is the wage workers need to afford a basic but decent standard of living in non-metropolitan urban Chile. The estimated living wage is almost double the national minimum wage (for workers between 18 and 65 years) and approximately twice the average wage for agricultural workers.