Poverty headcount ratio at $6.85 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population)
Set by law, varies by skill and education level
The Global Living Wage Coalition has developed 6 regional living wage benchmarks for urban China.
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate)
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
China has the largest population of any nation at 1.4 billion people, out of which 40% reside in rural areas. Agriculture employs 25% of the working population and accounts for 7% of the nation’s GDP.
China has experienced remarkable rural to urban migration since the late 1970s. This process of urbanization transformed China’s agricultural sector from a collectivised sector to a highly commercial, modern, and efficient one. Smallholder farmers in China typically work between 2-3 hectares of land and make up a significant amount of the population, between 230-250 million people, a large majority of which are considered poor or “close-to-poor”. Although China only has 10% of the world’s arable land, it is responsible for feeding one fifth of the world’s population and for producing a quarter of the global grain production.
The top produced commodities in China are maize, rice, fresh vegetables, wheat and milled rice. Similarly, China’s top export commodities in terms of value are crude materials, tea, preserved vegetables, garlic and chigarettes.
There is no national minimum wage in China, however local and provincial governments are required to set their own minimum wage for formal and informal sectors. Withholding and non-payment of wages is a remaining and severe problem in China as companies informally hire low-wage migrant workers. Overtime work is widespread in the country, with 72-hours work weeks being common practice for many workers. Additionally, companies often close on short notice or relocate without paying previous employees their due compensation. Workers in the informal sector typically work longer hours and get paid even less than their counterparts in the formal sector. 
The Global Living Wage Coalition has developed 6 regional living wage benchmarks exclusively for urban China.
The living wage for urban Zhengzhou is 3,177 Chinese yuan (440 EUR) per month and is based on a family of 3.5 with 1.78 full-time workers. Zhengzhou is an important industrial city and accordingly, this living wage estimate focusses on workers in the manufacturing industry.
The living wage for urban Hangzhou is 4,370 Chinese yuan (605 EUR) per month and is based on a family of 3.5 with 1.78 full-time workers. The living wage estimate is provided with a focus on manufacturing industry parks.
The living wage for urban Shenzhen is 3,235 Chinese yuan (448 EUR) per month and is based on a family of 3.5 with 1.78 full-time workers. The living wage estimate is for areas of Shenzhen with concentrations of manufacturing industrial parks.
The living wage for urban Chengdu is 2,736 Chinese yuan (379 EUR) per month and is based on a family of 3.5 with 1.78 full-time workers. Chengdu is considered a hi-tech development zone and this living wage estimate focuses on employment in high-tech manufacturing.
The living wage for urban Shanghai is 4,707 Chinese yuan (652 EUR) per month and is based on a family of 3.5 with 1.78 full-time workers. The living wage estimate for Shanghai is focused on workers employed in manufacturing industry parks.
The living wage for urban Suzhou is 4,044 Chinese yuan (560 EUR) per month and is based on a family of 3.5 with 1.78 full-time workers. The living wage estimate for Suzhou focusses on workers employed in manufacturing industry parks.