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Gabon

World bank, 2017
Poverty headcount ratio at $5.50 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
32%
Population below international poverty line

Equivalent to 150,000 Central African francs per worker per month.
WageIndicator Foundation, 2021
 

229
per month
National minimum wage

Equivalent to 200,770 Central African francs per worker per month.
Global Living Wage Coalition, 2021

306
per month
Rural living wage

Equivalent to 268,721 Central African francs per worker per month.
Global Living Wage Coalition, 2021

410
per month
Urban living wage
World bank, 2019
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate)
30%
Agricultural workforce
World bank, 2019
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
6%
Agriculture share of GDP

Context

Gabon has a population of 2.2 million people.[1] The country is highly urbanized since almost all of its population (90%) resides in urban areas.[2] The agricultural sector assumes 30% of total employment in Gabon[3] and represents 6% of its national GDP.[4]

The agricultural sector in Gabon is small and under-developed, even though a significant share of rural Gabonese depends on agriculture to meet their needs. Small-holder farmers dominate agriculture in Gabon, with around 70,000 family subsidence farms in existence. These farmers are relatively old and tend to small plots of no more than 0.2 hectares on average. As a result, the country is not able to meet its domestic food demand, thus resolving to import almost 60% of the needed food products.[5]

The top produced commodities in Gabon are plantains, cassava, sugar cane, yams and taro (cocoyam).[6] As for Gabon’s top exported commodities in terms of quantity, these are wheat bran, natural dry rubber, palm oil and palm kernel oil.[7]

Footnotes
  1. ^ World Bank (2020). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=GA
  2. ^ World Bank (2020). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.TOTL.IN.ZS?locations=GA
  3. ^ World Bank (2019). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.AGR.EMPL.ZS?locations=GA
  4. ^ World Bank (2020). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.AGR.TOTL.ZS?locations=GA
  5. ^ IFAD. Country Profiles: Gabon. https://www.ifad.org/en/web/operations/w/country/gabon
  6. ^ FAOSTAT (2019). http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#rankings/commodities_by_country
  7. ^ FAOSTAT (2019). http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#rankings/commodities_by_country_exports

Wages

Minimum wage

The national minimum wage in Gabon is set at 150,000 Central African francs (229 EUR) per worker per month.[1] The government however has not enforced the aforementioned minimum wage in the informal sector, which includes the majority of workers in the country. In addition, labor law regulations have not been enforced in the mining and timber sectors, where the majority of foreign labor is employed. Employers in these sectors have repeatedly mistreated workers, especially foreigners, by underpaying them, dismissing them without notice and even abuse them physically.[2]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Wage Indicator Foundation (2021). Minimum Wage-Gabon. https://wageindicator.org/salary/minimum-wage/gabon
  2. ^ U.S. Department of State. 2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Gabon. https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/gabon/

Living wage

The Global Living Wage Coalition has developed a living wage Reference Value study for rural and urban Gabon, based on the Anker methodology.

The Anker Living Wage Reference Value in rural Gabon is estimated at 200,770 Central African francs (306 EUR) per month, while in urban Gabon it is estimated at 268,721 Central African francs (410 EUR). This is the wage required for workers in a typical area of rural or urban Gabon respectively, to afford a basic but decent standard of living. When compared with the national minimum wage, the rural Gabon estimate is 34% higher and the urban Gabon estimate is 79% higher. The living wage estimate for urban Gabon is 22% higher than the wage at the national poverty line, while the estimate for rural Gabon is 9% lower. However, it is important to note that the national poverty line in Gabon overestimates rural poverty while underestimating urban poverty. [1]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Global Living Wage Coalition (2021). Anker Living Wage Reference Value: Rural & Urban Gabon. https://www.globallivingwage.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Gabon-LW-Reference-Values_urban-and-rural_FINAL.pdf

What's happening

resource

Living Wage Reference Value, Rural and Urban Gabon

Living wage estimates for workers to be able to afford a basic but decent living standard in rural and urban Gabon.

initiative

Cocoa Under Shade

An initiative in Gabon’s Woleu-Ntem province which aims to address poverty and deforestation through the promotion of shade-grown cocoa.

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