Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
Equivalent to 130,000 Ugandan shillings per worker per month.
WageIndicator Foundation, 2021
Equivalent to 770,998 Ugandan shillings per worker per month.
Global Living Wage Coalition, 2022
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate)
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
Sugar cane, plantains, maize and cassava are the top produced commodities in Uganda. Regarding the country’s main exported commodities, these include maize, coffee, dry beans, cow milk, wheat and sugar.
The minimum wage in Uganda is set at 130,000 Ugandan shillings (32 EUR) per month. However the minimum wage has not changed since 1984 and is much lower than the government’s poverty income level. In addition, labour law enforcement is significantly low in Uganda due to the country’s low resources for monitoring. Furthermore, labour law does not cover workers in informal sectors, many of whom are agricultural and domestic workers.
The Global Living Wage Coalition has developed a living wage benchmark for rural Uganda in the Lake Victoria region with context in the floriculture sector. In Uganda flowers are grown almost exclusively for export markets, with over 90% of its flower production exported to the Netherlands.
Based on the Anker methodology, the living wage for workers near floriculture farms in rural Uganda is estimated at 652,311 Ugandan shilling (147 EUR) per month. This is the living wage required by workers who live in rural areas near to floriculture sector farms to afford a basic but decent standard of living. The cost of a decent standard of living for a family was also estimated in the surdy, the value is 1,102,589 Ugandan shilling (275 EUR) per month.
The Dutch company Fairtrade Original has committed to paying the Living Income Reference Price to their Ugandan supplier, Ankole Coffee Producers Cooperative Union (ACPCU).