Poverty headcount ratio at $2.15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population)
Equivalent to 130,000 Ugandan shillings per worker per month.
WageIndicator Foundation, 2023
Equivalent to 848,837 Ugandan shillings per worker per month.
Global Living Wage Coalition, 2023
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate)
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
Plantains, sugar cane, cassava, maize and cow milk are the top produced commodities in Uganda. Regarding the country’s main exported commodities, these include coffee, sugar carne, maize flour, cow milk and rice.
The minimum wage in Uganda is set at 130,000 Ugandan shillings (33 EUR) per month. However the minimum wage has not changed since 1984 and is much lower than the government’s poverty income level. In addition, labour law enforcement is significantly low in Uganda due to the country’s low resources for monitoring. Furthermore, labour law does not cover workers in informal sectors, many of whom are agricultural and domestic workers.
The Global Living Wage Coalition has developed a living wage benchmark for rural Uganda in the Lake Victoria Basin region with context in the floriculture sector. In Uganda flowers are grown almost exclusively for export markets, with over 90% of its flower production exported to the Netherlands.
Based on the Anker methodology, the living wage for workers near floriculture farms in rural Uganda is estimated at 848,837 Ugandan shilling (216 EUR) per month. This is the living wage required by workers who live in rural areas near to floriculture sector farms to afford a basic but decent standard of living. .
The Living Wage Benchmark includes a Living Income report, estimating the cost of a basic but decent standard of living for a family of 5 with 1.78 workers. The figure was estimated at 1,156,544 Ugandan shilling (294 EUR) per month.
The Dutch company Fairtrade Original has committed to paying the Living Income Reference Price to their Ugandan supplier, Ankole Coffee Producers Cooperative Union (ACPCU).
A Fairtrade LIRP indicates the price needed for an average farmer household with a viable farm size and an adequate productivity level to make a living income from the sales of their crop. This study was valid in 2021.